Methods and Approaches of Teaching English- CTET 2021 Practice Set

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  1.  A good teacher is one who
    (a) gives them ample opportunities to learn
    (b) gives them useful information
    (c) explains concepts and principles
    (d) gives printed notes to students
  2. Which of the following helps 1n learning the second language without using the printed text?
    (a)situational approach
    (b) natural approach
    (c) language immersion
    (d) grammar-translation method
  3. Which approach emphasizes interaction AS the means and the goal of learning a Language?
    (a) Communicative
    (b Oral -aural
    (c) Immersion (d) Silent way
  4. Maximum participation of students during teaching in language class-room is possible through
    (a) Lecture method
    (b) Translation method
    (c) Inductive method
    (d) Discussion and Demonstration methods
  5. The structural approach advocates
    (a) resorting to fluency
    (b) selection aid gradation of material
    (c) assessing learners performance using mother tongue
    (d) using mother tongue
  6. Which of the following: which is the most important prerequisite for language learning, whether first or second?
    (a) Structural-situational approach
    (b) Skills-based instruction
    (c) A multi-lingual approach
    (d) An Input-rich communication environment
  7. A Hindi-speaking teacher gets posted in a primary school which is situated in a remote area.of Rajasthan. Since she doesn’t know the local language, she faces lots of problems. She should
    (a) try to get a posting to a Hindi-speaking area
    (b) focus on the textbook as a source of standard Hindi
    (c) use the child’s language as a resource while teaching
    (d) encourage the community to learn standard Hindi
  8.  Here is a list of tasks commonly included in a language classroom. Which of these sees children as active learners?
    (a) children work in groups to generate interpretations of a poem
    (b) children carefully memorise correct answers to questions on a poem
    (c) children write answers to questions given at the end of a poem
    (d) children carefully note down answers from the blackboard
  9. Children’s oral language development forms an important foundation for learning literacy. Which of the following classroom practices enables oral language development?
    (a) memorizing and reciting poem individually or in a chorus
    (b) chorus reading of a story in the textbook along with the teacher
    (c) practicing the correct pronunciation of words in a chorus
    (d) participating in a role-plays on favorite stories
  10. Before students starts reading a story titled, ‘Brave Bitto’, the teacher initiates a discussion with them on Bravery’. what is the teacher trying to achieve through this activity?
    (a) Activate the previous knowledge of students
    (b) Activate the intellectual stance of students
    (c) Activate enthusiasm in a students
    (d) Activate the different stance in students.
  11.  The teacher’s role is shifting from “sage on the stage” to “guide on the side”.Technology integration helps this process wheel
    (a) Systems store more data and administer tests individually to students
    (b) students actively search for and explore answer instead of receiving standard inputs
    (c) Easy retrieval of large quantities of stored data is used to facilitate preparation of notes
    (d) Assessment of students’ online input is done quickly without supervision,at any time
  12. In the case of vocabulary use, grammar provides a pathway to learners to
    (a) speak in formal situations with greater accuracy and confidence
    (b) re-tell listening inputs into oral output
    (c) combine lexical items into meaningful and communicative expression
    (d) draft formal pieces of writing in higher classes
  13. Some research has shown that developing students’ native language skills leads to higher scores academically over the long term in English.”A bilingual class would be characterized by
    (a) the use of students’ native language in the second language class
    (b) revision work done in the native language
    (c) more guided translation activities, individual/ collaborative
    (d) the re-formulation of concepts, structure use in the native language
  14. The humanistic Approach is specifically  tuned to the
    (a) process where sequence is taught along with how to present the related contents
    (b) mastery of academic disciplines with all their characteristics features
    (c) application of learnt structure, content, concepts and principles to new situation
    (d) processes that enable students to discover structures for themselves
  15. The main responsibility of a language teacher as a facilitator is
    (a) to create number of opportunities for the learners to use the language meaningfully
    (b) to provide a lot of information and make the lemurs listen to it
    (c) to strictly control the class and cover the syllabus in quick time
    (d) to read the lessons aloud and provide explanation for each time
  16. Substitution table drill helps teachers in
    (a) developing free writing skills
    (b) improving the fluency of learners
    (c) evaluating the listening skill
    (d) giving controlled language practice
  17. Young learners will enjoy a play included in the textbook when they
    (a) listen to the teacher reading the play
    (b) enact to play
    (c) get detailed explanation about the play from the teacher
    (d) read the play silently
  18.  The primary objective of using role play is
    (a) to evaluate dialogue writing skill
    (b) to promote the reading habit
    (c) to improve the communicative competence
    (d) to develop acting talent
  19.  Group project work helps in developing
    (a) A high level of ambition to achieve
    (b) Collaboration, critical thinking and the problem solving
    (c) Competition among learners to excel in academics
    (d) good memory in the young learners
  20.  Teachers help learners ,Construct, their knowledge in English by
    (a)  giving the learners a lot of assignment and project that will lead to much Practice
    (b) correcting every mistake a a learner makes and giving the relevant rule of grammar as immediate feedback
    (c) giving extensive language drills in which learners practice language items mechanically
    (d)Enabling them to see the relationship between the prior knowledge and the new knowledge
  21. Which is the Basic Characteristic of Communicative language teaching?
    (a) An emphasis on learning to communicate
    (b) There is a lot of focus on grammar
    (c) Language activation is limited to classroom activity
    (d) Learner’s own personal experiences are not given importance in the learning process
  22. Which is not a key feature of the audio-lingual method?
    (a) There is much use of tapes, language labs and visual aids
    (b) New material is presented in dialogue form
    (c) Great importance is attached to pronunciation
    (d) Students are encouraged to use their mother’s tongue
  23. According to the advocates of the structural approach to  English language teaching the material should be graded on the basis of
    (a) teach ability, usefulness and frequency of use
    (b) intellectual level of students
    (c) learners Potential
    (d) Physical age of the learners
  24. Grammar-translation method is not useful when the class is
    (a) heterogeneous (b) homogeneous
    (c) overcrowded (d) full of mediocre students
  25. Communicate Language Teaching replaced basically
    (a) Natural Language processing
    (b) Structural Teaching
    (c) Situational Language Teaching
    (d) Motivational Teaching
  26.  Using songs, rhymes and games in classrooms would help the child to
    (a) overcome shyness (b) develop confidence and interest
    (c) motivate to speak (d) All of the above
  27.  Constructive approach to language learning promotes
    (a) A child-centered approach (b) classroom noise
    (c) Teacher-centred approach (d) Culture of silence
  28.  Cognitive code approach focuses more on
    (a) vocabulary (b) pronunciation
    (c) spelling (d) grammar rules
  29.  Emphasis on interaction as both the means and the ultimate goal of learning a language underlines the ………. approach.
    (a) comprehension (b) silent way
    (c) immersion (d) communicative
  30.  The ……… favors the exposure of students to a structure in a different context that could allow them to apply the rules by themselves.
    (a) direct method (b) inductive method
    (c) deductive method (d) communicative approach
  31.  The ‘sandwich-technique’ is a bilingual method which has a three-phase structure of
    (a) listening,writing,repetition
    (b) drills with levels of difficulty
    (c) presentation, practice, production
    (d) error, correction, re-production (as drill)
  32.  communicative competence is a subset of functional grammar and
    approach in teaching will allow students to

    (a) learn grammar through meaningful communication
    (b) enable teachers expose, students to grammar in the lower classes
    (c) learn structures and use them accurately
    (d) use structures in a range of output texts
  33. ……… education is to use the student’s native language to teach
    some academic content while simultaneously providing an additional
    (a) Basic
    (b) Multilingual
    (c) Humanistic
    (d) Bilingual
  34. A subject-centered approach is where learning experience are organized around
    (a) students interests
    (b) teacher’s subject competency
    (c) course content
    (d) educational technology
  35. what is taught is not what is learnt because 
    (a) a teacher’s socio-economic level may differ widely from the students
    (b) a teacher or learner can never fully master any discipline
    (c) students possess different abilities, personalities and come from a variety of backgrounds
    (d) students pay attention during informal discussion
  36. Which is not a teacher-centered instruction?
    (a) Modering
    (b) Lecture
    (c) Individualized instruction
    (d) Demonstration
  37.  Seating arrangement should be flexible in a language classroom because
    (a) it helps learners change their places frequently
    (b) it facilitates pair work and group work
    (c) it reduces the responsibility of the teacher
    (d) it helps the teacher in maintaining discipline
  38.  A mixed ability group is heterogeneous in
    (a) knowledge and skill
    (b) economic status
    (c) gender and age
    (d) social strata
  39. The most important feature of an effective language classroom is opportunity for learners to
    (a) imitate
    (b) relax
    (c) interact
    (d) evaluate
  40. Effective learning takes place when students are
    (a) interactive
    (b) quiet
    (c) good at preparing for examinations
    (d) passive
  41. Some noise in the language class indicates
    (a) teacher’s lack of control over the class
    (b) incompetence of the teacher
    (c) constructive activities with learners engaged in language learning
    (d) indiscipline of lemurs
  42.  A play can be best taught by
    (a) encouraging the students to stage the play after working in group to understand the plot, character etc
    (b) asking a number of questions to test the comprehension of the students
    (c) conducting a test with specific questions on the story and grammar items
    (d) making the students read it silently a number of times to understand the story
  43. In large language classes, group work can be accomplished by
    (a) asking students to turn around for group work
    (b) asking all students to stand in a circle
    (c) asking half the class to go out to the playground
    (d) asking 4-5 students to sit together on a narrow bench despite lack of space
  44. Which among the following is a feature of a child-centered language

    (a) Children interact in the target language through tasks that require
    multiple intelligences
    (b) Children work individually to prepare projects
    (c) Teacher plans assessment every day
    (d) Teacher gives instructions and expects children to obey and be
  45. Fluency in English can be developed through
    (a) The teacher talking for most of the time
    (b) The teacher being alert to spot the errors and correct them
    (c) Allowing students who are not confident to have the freedom to be quiet
    (d) Creating opportunities to use the target language for communication
  46. The English Language Teaching method that refrains from using the learners native language and just uses the target language is
    (a) the audio-lingual method the grammar translation method communicative language teaching direct method
  47. Which approach/method to teaching English discourages the use of the mother tongue?
    (a) Communicative
    (b) Structural
    (c) Direct
    (d) Situational
  48. Which of the following is an incorrect assumption in language teaching?
    (a) Learners acquire language by trying to use it in real situations
    (b) Learners’ first language plays an important role in learning
    (c)Language teaching should have a focus in communicative activities
    (d)Language teaching should give importance to writing rather than speech

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